Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that develops in a woman’s cervix. The cervix is the entrance to the womb from the vagina. It happens when there are changes in some cells, lining the cervix. Sometimes these abnormal cells grow and multiply. Developing into cancer. Cervical cancer usually grows slowly. It can remain in the cervical covering for up to 10 years. Once cervical cancer moves beyond this layer, it invades nearby tissue. This includes the uterus, vagina, bladder, and rectum.
All women are at risk for cervical cancer, especially women over the age of 30. Long-lasting infection with certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV) is the main cause of cervical cancer. HPV is a common virus that is passed from one person to another during sex. For most women, HPV goes away on its own, however, if it does not, there is a chance that over time it may cause cervical cancer. There are several other things that can increase your risk of cervical cancer:
- Having HIV (the virus that causes AIDS) or another condition that makes it difficult for your body to fight toxins within
- Having several sexual partners
- Having given birth to three or more children
- Using birth control pills for a long time
The symptoms of cervical cancer are not seen until it’s far along. These usually include:
- Blood spots or light bleeding (between periods).
- Menstrual bleeding is longer and heavier than usual.
- Increased vaginal discharge.
- Bleeding during or after intercourse.
- Pain during sexual intercourse.
- Ongoing pelvic and back pain.
In order to safeguard yourself from cervical cancer, you should follow these essential tips:
- Quit smoking forever
This habit is bad in general and not only in cervical cancer. But, it is extremely essential to cut down on smoking in order to lower your chances of cervical cancer. Numerous studies have revealed that by-products of tobacco tend to damage one’s DNA of cervix cells and in turn, invite cervical cancer. Hence, it is essential to quit it as soon as possible.
- Regular check-ups
After the age of 40, it is highly recommended for women to get their regular check-up/pap scans done, in order to spot abnormalities (if any) developing in the body. Accordingly, precautions or measures can be taken to avoid the adverse effect of this chronic disease.
- Safe sex is a must
It is seen that women who have multiple sexual partners are more prone to get cervical cancer. Thus, it is important to practice safe sex all the time.
There is a vaccination for cervical cancer and every woman, post the age of 40, should get themselves vaccinated, with proper consultation from your doctor.
Though it is uncertain what disease we catch and what not. But with a few precautions and changes in lifestyle, you can safeguard yourself from falling under the trap of this chronic disease.