Bone Cancer

Bone Cancer is when the cells in the bone begin to divide uncontrollably. It can affect any bone in the body but is found more commonly in the knee bone, thigh bone, pelvis, and other long bones in the arms and legs. It can be either primary, i.e. it arises within the cells of the bone itself, or secondary, i.e. it spread from elsewhere. The most common treatment for this cancer is surgery. However, chemotherapy and radiation therapies are used too.

Causes of Bone Cancer

Doctors and researchers are not sure about the precise reason behind bone cancer because there can be different reasons for the disease from person to person. There might be some inherited DNA mutations that can cause bone cancer.

Symptoms of Bone Cancer

  • Pain in the bone
  • Swelling
  • Weakened bone
  • Weight loss and fatigue
  • Problems in movement
  • Fractures
  • Numbness and tingling sensation

Prevention of Bone Cancer

  • Have knowledge of your family history
  • Be informed about your bone health
  • Eat a nutritious diet
  • Exercise regularly
  • Avoid tobacco
  • Have an early diagnosis

Diagnosis of Bone Cancer

  • Imaging tests – Tests like CT Scans, MRIs, PET scans, and X-Rays help doctors determine the location and size of the tumors and see if they’ve spread to other parts of the body
  • Biopsy – The doctor might remove a sample of tissues from the tumor to further test it in the lab. It helps the doctor determine if the tissue is cancerous and determine its type

Treatment of Bone Cancer

  • Surgery – It aims at removing the entire tumor. It involves removing the tumor in one single go along with a small portion of healthy tissues around it. Certain bone cancers that are very large or complicated might require the removal of part of the limb. However, with the advancement in treatments, amputation is becoming less common
  • Chemotherapy – It is the use of anti-cancer drugs that are usually delivered intravenously to kill cancer cells
  • Radiation Therapy – It is the use of high-power beams to kill cancer cells. It can shrink the tumors and make it easier to remove them. It reduces the likelihood of amputations
  • Targeted Therapy – It is a drug treatment that targets certain molecules that help cancer grow and spread across the body